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Learning Frameworks

Example Videos for All the Frameworks

You can read and learn about all the frameworks below. Once you have, you can watch the videos in this Youtube Playlist to see them being used in practice. These videos have been made by our partner Insight Education and are made available to you to help you learn and study. Click on the button below to watch the videos!

Framework 1: REAL

When answering general or academic interview questions, we encourage you to keep your answers REAL. This is especially useful if you do not know where or how to start your answer.

Framework 2: PESC(E) for Multiple Perspectives

If you are unsure what to include as part of Analysis (A) and Lateral Thinking (L), or for those pesky questions that are so broad there is no easy answer, we recommend using PESC. These four perspectives ensure that any answer is balanced and considered. While PESC is more applicable to Humanities, REAL can be applied to all subjects

For examples of what you could include within each aspect of PESC and to see model answers using REAL and PESC, click below. 

Framework 3: DISC PEREL for Essays (under PESC)

DISC PEREL takes the trouble out of planning a university level essay. DISC is how the introduction ought to be structured, while the PEREL model should be used for each and every paragraph. PEREL is an extension of PEEL (Point, Evidence, Explanation, Link), which many of you will have been taught at school. The R stands for Rebuttal and encourages you to find a counter-argument to the evidence presented, demonstrating appreciation of multiple perspectives in each paragraph. The Evaluation section should then offer a value judgement or opinion as to why your Point is stronger than the Rebuttal. You can also think PESC when deciding what the Point should be for each paragraph.

Framework 4: GRENADE for Experiments

GRENADE is how those aiming to study Social Sciences can create a bang when evaluating their experiments or considering what limiting factors they should account for.

Framework 5: TIPS (for Maths-based subjects)

For problem-solving based questions, here are our TIPS to get to the right answer. You should first consider what mathematical Tools you could use to solve the problem and what Information is provided by the question. You should then Propose a method that might approach the solution. Finally, you should State out loud the information you have gained from applying your proposed method.